We are investigating life that gives off light!!
already we have dinoflagellates (without flagella!) and Photobacterium phosphorum !
(hoping for some glowing mycelia, but wonder if it is simply phosphorescence there...)
Who is involved?
It all started with 2 students from Nyon, who wanted to do their 'travail de maturité' with some bioluminscent bacteria, to make a mosaic!
- Inès Nerodenkova
- Luca DN
They ordered Vibrio fischeri from a French biotech company in a special kit.
while a bit of light was visible in cultures, in comparison to controls, and determined by unbiased dark-adapted participants, it was not very bright, and no good pictures were obtained of it...
Advice was requested from
- Siouxsie Wiles - Australian researcher, who recommended Photobacterium phosphorum, as brighter.
Help was also obtained from
- Hackuarium members (Rachel, Luc H, Gustavo, with his advice on dark adaptation, pirate-style)
- more members got involved (Esther) and
- new members (sort of) came on board (Christelle) for more fun!
esp, as Rachel also ordered some bioluminescent Dinoflagellates from a company in the states.
glow bugs in the garden during the season of corona may inspire a new project? (impossible? anyway, they may have fluor not biolum... to be confirmed)
(see pics below - cute.)
Results in the BioLab in Ecublens
The strain obtained by the students from Nyon last year actually isn't V. fischeri, but the recommended Photobacterium phosphorum
- pcr with 16S primers 671 and 672...
671: primer name UV_27F Sequence: AGR GTT YGA TYM TGG CTC AG
672: primer name UV_907R Sequence: CCG TCA ATT CMT TTR AGT TT
For additional documentation, 27F and 907R are in this table:
(there are references of other classic papers to the right of this table)
Here are the PCR reaction and cycling conditions we use (with Q5 pol to allow proofreading and avoid errors)
master mix for 5 rxns (25ul total)
25 ul 5x Q5 buffer
79.375 ul H2O
3.125ul 10mM dNTPs
6.25ul Forward primer
6.25ul Reverse primer
stocks at 10uM, for each primer
24.5ul into 5 tubes... add 0.5ul water in Tube 0 - negative control
4min at 94 degrees celsius
30 s 72
2 min at 72
(To note: different Taq polymerases might prefer different cycling conditions, and
we generally use freeze-thaw extracts of each bacterial colony, as all species do not amplify if simply added to the mix with a toothpick.
We touch the toothpick tip to the colony to be tested, and swirl it in a tube with 20ul of water (PCR clean, of course!) and put it to freeze.
After thawing, 0.5ul of this solution is good input for a pcr reaction.)
After PCR and band purification (Qiagen columns) and
then, sequencing (light-seq from GATC, just about 5chf/result!) ,
we obtained very clear results!
blast showed about 92% identity over the 16S rRNA region sequenced vs. V. fischeri, so it seems clear that the french co also thought the P. phos was brighter, but didn't want to waste their kit boxes! :)
- Christelle got some good pictures from plates, but new experiments with more salt are being run now!
- This is one of the best pics of the dinoflagellates (about a half hour after their 'twilight' - they are strict in terms of circadian rhythms) so far...
Will add more pics of these dino cells in this gallery:
The challenge is to get the biolum organisms' real color(s) in images, and to make them bright...
extra salt is seemingly very important!
but maybe not malic acid... The second test for this is ongoing!
Clearly, temperature is a big factor in getting colonies bright! After being in the frig, we see more!! A temperature sensitive lux enzyme (or two?) needs time in the cold to brighten up colonies.
However, the brightest colonies do not always streak out well on fresh plates. Maybe the aldehydes in the light reaction are toxic, and this is part of the reason for quorum effect regulation - to make sure there are some other bugs that will not be bright, and remain able to grow!??
more results to come.